The agricultural sector is expansive and is constantly advancing. Moreover, with climate-resilient technology picking up in developing economies to yield higher productivity under climate variables, the sector is constantly in the churn. In the Indian context, there are immense improvements in irrigation systems and fertilizers, and that is raising the bar in crop cultivation and production. Agricultural technology has the potential to help farmers combat the on-ground challenges. Agri-tech firms have come up with machinery that can enhance and augment the productivity of this sector. One can say that mushrooming of several agri-tech organizations is leading the movement towards the modernization of this industry.
Agricultural implements these days cater to a plethora of arenas. Much of the sector’s problems stem from a lack of understanding of how to deal with a changing environment. Here’s where technology can play an instrumental role for farmers to overcome all of their agricultural challenges. India has received a promising investment of $1.6 billion for agri-tech till 2021. Just like any other sector, the agriculture industry has also been disrupted. Tech startups in the sector saw a 300% jump in total funding in the last 2 years. An effective yield does not come just from sowing the seeds and letting them grow. There’s a lot going on behind the scenes that helps in the process. And the climate crisis is a huge factor influencing much of the process and agricultural produce.
While there are other disruptions, like the ever-rising population, these can effectively be evaded with the help of technology.
Technology has transcended the agricultural sector into a world with endless opportunities.
Agri-tech companies are lifting the traditional approach to agriculture into a completely new dimension. Agri-tech is rising in the market and provides an open door for farmers to make their work easy and effective. The constant advances in technology have witnessed the emergence of various technologies that aid farmers in yielding better produce. Here are some of the revolutionary technologies that can be started by farmers to use, based on the functions they perform.
Machinery for land preparation
Land preparation is an important process that ensures the soil bed is well prepared before planting the seeds. This prepares the land for sowing and brings in a high yield. Land machines such as land tillers, levelers, and plows reduce the amount of effort a farmer has to invest in the land preparation process. Farmers often face issues toiling on the farms to plow and prepare the land in the scorching heat. In due course, some portion of the land doesn’t get adequately tilled, which affects the sowing process.
While it might seem like an easy task, seeding as a process involves ensuring the soil is nourished and irrigated, reducing any crop residue. These technologies make sure that the fertilization and sowing processes take place simultaneously. Performing multiple functions ensures less manpower and caters to different crops like wheat and maize.
Machines to Manage Crop Residue
The sowing process does not end the work of the farmers. There’s still crop residue to sweep off, and many of the machines help in doing so. The residue needs to be cleaned so that the soil bed can be prepared for the next sowing session. These machines claw out the residue, such as straws of wheat and crop remains. This stops the farmers from burning the crop residue, which results in air pollution.
Using state-of-the-art technology can help farmers yield better produce while raising their incomes. This can especially help small-scale farmers with their productivity. While technology proves to be very beneficial for challenges faced in this sector, there’s a long way to go. Something that runs in this arena is not accessible very easily. Moreover, the uncertainty that rests with the amalgamation of technology with traditional practices can cause reluctance. Moreover, infrastructure or networks are not easily available, especially in rural areas. So, the first interventions and strategies to introduce new technologies should focus on these issues too. While the future seems bright with the use of agricultural technology, it’s wise to tread the waters slowly and carefully. Education can go a long way toward ensuring farmers’ security.